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健康促进政策发展对中国慢性病防控工作启示

姜莹莹 毛凡 张伟伟 董建群 CordiaChu

姜莹莹, 毛凡, 张伟伟, 董建群, CordiaChu. 健康促进政策发展对中国慢性病防控工作启示[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2022, 38(3): 381-384. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1135055
引用本文: 姜莹莹, 毛凡, 张伟伟, 董建群, CordiaChu. 健康促进政策发展对中国慢性病防控工作启示[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2022, 38(3): 381-384. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1135055
JIANG Ying-ying, MAO Fan, ZHANG Wei-wei, . Reflections on evolvement of health promotion policies for chronic disease control and prevention in China: a literature study[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(3): 381-384. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1135055
Citation: JIANG Ying-ying, MAO Fan, ZHANG Wei-wei, . Reflections on evolvement of health promotion policies for chronic disease control and prevention in China: a literature study[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(3): 381-384. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1135055

健康促进政策发展对中国慢性病防控工作启示

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1135055
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2020YFC2006403)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    姜莹莹(1979 – ),女,北京人,副研究员,硕士,研究方向:健康促进、慢性病预防与控制

    通讯作者:

    董建群,E-mail:dongjianqun@ncncd.chinacdc.cn

    Cordia Chu,E-mail:c.chu@griffith.edu.au

  • 中图分类号: R 193

Reflections on evolvement of health promotion policies for chronic disease control and prevention in China: a literature study

  • 摘要: 当前中国约有89 %的死亡归因于慢性非传染性疾病(NCDs),NCDs是造成中国人群疾病负担最为严重的一类疾病。世界卫生组织自上世纪80年代以来倡导采用健康促进的策略改善人群健康。纵观健康促进政策的演变过程可发现,开展综合的行动(包括制定健康公共政策、构建支持性环境、强化社区行动、发展个人技能和调整卫生服务方向)可以有效缓解NCDs导致的疾病负担,而健康融入万策(HiAP)的实施框架可以为推动政府承诺并落实对人群健康的维护、为多部门协作解决影响健康的复杂社会决定因素提供路径。
  • 表  1  WHO健康促进大会发布的政策汇总

    政策名称时间和地点简要描述
    1 《健康促进渥太华宪章》[6] 1986年,加拿大渥太华 提出健康促进的定义
    指出健康促进的五大行动领域
    2 《阿德莱德健康公共政策建议》[7] 1988年,澳大利亚阿德莱德 提出制定健康公共政策的意义
    指出健康公共政策优先覆盖的领域
    3 《松兹瓦尔健康支持性环境声明》[8] 1991年,瑞典松兹瓦尔 提出支持性环境的定义
    指出支持性环境建设的优先维度
    4 《雅加达宣言》[9] 1997年,印度尼西亚雅加达 第一次由发展中国家主办的会议
    明确综合干预策略的有效性
    5 《健康促进墨西哥部长声明》[10] 2000年,墨西哥墨西哥城 重申实施健康促进的必要性
    敦促联合国对健康促进的落实
    6 《健康促进曼谷宪章》[11] 2005年,泰国曼谷 响应了全球化的发展背景
    指出从承诺到行动之间存在的鸿沟
    7 《内罗毕呼吁行动》[12] 2009年,肯尼亚内罗毕 提出落实健康促进的切入点
    8 《赫尔辛基健康融入万策声明》[13] 2013年,芬兰赫尔辛基 提出“健康融入万策”的定义
    制定“健康融入万策”的框架
    9 《上海宣言》[14] 2016年,中国上海 响应了可持续发展的背景
    明确健康和福祉是可持续发展的核心
    指出健康促进的三大重点(政府治理能力、健康城市、健康素养)
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [22] Stokols D. Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion[J]. American Journal of Health Promotion, 1996, 10(4): 282 – 298. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-10.4.282
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-16
  • 刊出日期:  2022-03-10

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