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Volume 38 Issue 6
Jun.  2022
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LI Yuan-lei, KANG Zheng, HAO Xiao-ning, . Operation efficiency of laboratories in county-level centers for disease control and prevention in China: a data envelopment analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(6): 734-738. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133176
Citation: LI Yuan-lei, KANG Zheng, HAO Xiao-ning, . Operation efficiency of laboratories in county-level centers for disease control and prevention in China: a data envelopment analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(6): 734-738. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133176

Operation efficiency of laboratories in county-level centers for disease control and prevention in China: a data envelopment analysis

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133176
  • Received Date: 2020-11-17
    Available Online: 2021-12-13
  • Publish Date: 2022-06-01
  •   Objective  To evaluate operation efficiency of laboratories in county-level centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) in China for providing evidences to decision-making on improvement of operation efficiency of the laboratories and optimization of health resources allocation.  Methods  Using systematic sampling and a self-designed questionnaire, we conducted onsite or letter surveys among 19 laboratories in county-level CDC of 3 provinces (Anhui, Guangdong and Sichuan) in 2020. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) was adopted to evaluate overall, technical and scale efficiency of the laboratories in 2019; projection analysis was also employed to identify shortcomings in the laboratories' operation.  Results  For all the laboratories in 2019, the average index values were 0.766, 0.879, and 0.868 for overall, technical, and scale efficiency, respectively. Of the laboratories, 63.2% were assessed as in the state of deficiency in overall operation and only 26.4% were evaluated as having an increasing scale efficiency in terms of scale benefit. Projection analysis revealed that the resources allocated in the laboratories were not utilized sufficiently and both the number of samples/specimens detected and test reports issued should be increased to achieve operation efficiency based on DEA.  Conclusion  At present in China, the operation efficiency of laboratories in county level CDCs is at a low grade and the allocated resources were not sufficiently utilized by the laboratories; the situation should be concerned by governmental agencies in decision-making.
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