Advance Search
Volume 38 Issue 6
Jun.  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
DING Yu-xiu, WANG Zhi-jie, DU Kang, . Disparity in visual health among primary and middle school students in different ethnic regions: a comparative study[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(6): 666-670. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133522
Citation: DING Yu-xiu, WANG Zhi-jie, DU Kang, . Disparity in visual health among primary and middle school students in different ethnic regions: a comparative study[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(6): 666-670. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133522

Disparity in visual health among primary and middle school students in different ethnic regions: a comparative study

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1133522
  • Received Date: 2020-12-14
    Available Online: 2021-12-13
  • Publish Date: 2022-06-01
  •   Objective  To examine the status of visual health among primary and middle school students in minority regions and compare the status with that of the Han students in non-minority regions for providing evidences to the development of strategies on visual health promotion of the minority students.  Methods  The data on 59 189 primary students of grade 4 – 6 and junior high school students were extracted from a visual health promotion program conducted from 2018 to 2020 in minority regions (5 counties of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region) and non-minority regions mainly with Han populations (10 counties of Shaanxi province). The data included vision examination results and self-reported visual health-related information for 24 054 students in minority regions and 35 135 in non-minority regions. Multivariate logistic regression model was adopted in data analyses.  Results  The prevalence rate of poor vision was 28.86% and 41.40% in the students in minority and non-minority regions, respectively. The prevalence of poor vision of the students in minority regions was significantly lower than that of the students in non-minority regions (P < 0.001). Compared to those in non-minority regions, the students with poor vision in minority regions reported a significantly lower rate of glasses wearing (8.04% vs. 30.31%, P < 0.001). Both the rate of poor vision and the rate of glasses wearing for poor eyesight were significantly higher among the girl and junior middle school students and the students with mothers staying at home frequently and high paternal education (P < 0.001 for all). After adjusting for various variables, the poor vision students in non-minority regions were more likely to have glasses wearing in comparison to the students in minority regions (P < 0.001).  Conclusion  There were significant disparities in the prevalence rate of poor vision and the rate of glasses wearing for poor vision between the primary and junior high school students in minority and non-minority regions. The students in minority regions had a lower rate of poor vision and an even more lower rate of glasses wearing for poor vision and the situation should be concerned.
  • loading
  • [1]
    易红梅, 张林秀, 白钰, 等. 西部农村小学生视力不良影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2016, 32(4): 474 – 477. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-04-17
    [2]
    Nie JC, Pang XP, Wang L, et al. Seeing is believing: experimental evidence on the impact of eyeglasses on academic performance, aspirations, and dropout among junior high school students in rural China[J]. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2020, 68(2): 335 – 355. doi: 10.1086/700631
    [3]
    中国学生体质与健康研究组. 2010年中国学生体质与健康调研报告[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2012: 171 – 172.
    [4]
    He MG, Huang WY, Zheng YF, et al. Refractive error and visual impairment in school children in rural southern China[J]. Ophthalmology, 2007, 114(2): 374 – 382. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2006.08.020
    [5]
    李玲课题组. 视觉健康政策调整刻不容缓[N]. 光明日报, 2015 – 06 – 12(005).
    [6]
    马蕊, 贾志强. 中国部分少数民族中小学生视力不良流行特征分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2019, 35(5): 529 – 533. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1122787
    [7]
    Yi HM, Zhang LX, Ma XC, et al. Poor vision among China′s rural primary school students: prevalence, correlates and consequences[J]. China Economic Review, 2015, 33: 247 – 262. doi: 10.1016/j.chieco.2015.01.004
    [8]
    Congdon N, Wang YF, Song Y, et al. Visual disability, visual function, and myopia among rural Chinese secondary school children: the Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study (X-PRES) – report 1[J]. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2008, 49(7): 2888 – 2894. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1160
    [9]
    李建强, 赵明发. 云南省7个民族学生2010年视力状况分析[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2014, 35(1): 137 – 138.
    [10]
    彭俐, 孙翠英. 阿勒泰市第二中学少数民族与汉族学生视力调查[J]. 卫生职业教育, 2013, 31(2): 124 – 125. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-1246.2013.02.067
    [11]
    Ma Y, Zhang XW, He F, et al. Visual impairment in rural and migrant Chinese school-going children: prevalence, severity, correction and associations[J]. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 2020: 1 – 6. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-317072
    [12]
    刘洁, 董宁. 昆明市禄劝彝族、苗族自治县中学生视力现状调查结果分析[J]. 中国儿童保健杂志, 2009, 17(2): 221 – 223.
    [13]
    关宏宇, 黄珏瑢, 杜康. 西部农村小学生不同年份视力不良比较分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2018, 34(8): 1096 – 1101.
    [14]
    周丽, 侯万里, 谢思柔, 等. 中小学生视力保健行为及影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2014, 30(7): 896 – 898. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2014-30-07-14
    [15]
    Guan HY, Wang H, Huang JR, et al. Health seeking behavior among rural left-behind children: evidence from Shaanxi and Gansu provinces in China[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2018, 15(5): 883. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15050883
    [16]
    Bai YL, Yi HM, Zhang LX, et al. An investigation of vision problems and the vision care system in rural China[J]. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 2014, 45(6): 1464 – 1473.
    [17]
    Li LP, Lam J, Lu YG, et al. Attitudes of students, parents, and teachers toward glasses use in rural China[J]. Archives of Ophthalmology, 2010, 128(6): 759 – 765. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.73
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Tables(4)

    Article views (140) PDF downloads(15) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return