Advance Search
Volume 38 Issue 5
May  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
NING Yan, HOU Xiao-hui, WANG Xiao-yan, . Public health safety literacy and its influencing factors among residents in four provinces of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(5): 563-569. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1137705
Citation: NING Yan, HOU Xiao-hui, WANG Xiao-yan, . Public health safety literacy and its influencing factors among residents in four provinces of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(5): 563-569. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1137705

Public health safety literacy and its influencing factors among residents in four provinces of China

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1137705
  • Received Date: 2021-12-13
    Available Online: 2022-04-29
  • Publish Date: 2022-05-20
  •   Objective  To explore the status and influencing factors of public health safety literacy (PHSL) among residents in four provinces of China for providing references to the development of appropriate intervention strategies.   Methods  We recruited 2 809 urban and rural residents aged 15 – 69 years in three provinces (Hubei, Guangdong and Sichuan) and Beijing municipality using stratified multistage cluster sampling and conducted an on-site self-administered electronic questionnaire survey among the residents during April – June, 2021. A scale with three domains (each with a maximum score of 40) was designed to assess the PHSL of the residents. T-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and χ2 test were adopted in univariate analysis and logistic regression in multivariate analysis.   Results   For all the participants, the mean overall PHSL score was 81.61 ± 13.71 and the mean domain scores were 29.21 ± 5.89 for PHS perception, 25.10 ± 5.10 for PHS knowledge, and 27.30 ± 4.87 for PHS skills. There were 80.85% of the participants being assessed with basic PHSL (with the overall scale score of ≥ 72) and there were 86.69%, 61.05%, and 78.96% of the participants being assessed with basic PHS perception, knowledge, and skills (with the domain scores of ≥ 24); also based on the scale of overall score of ≥ 96 and domain scores of ≥ 32, the proportion of the participants with good PHSL was 15.70% and the proportions of participants with good PHS perception, knowledge and skills were 35.32%, 14.03% and 20.15%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PHSL was associated with residential region, sex, education and household income. The participants residing in Hubei, Sichuan, and Guangdong province were less likely to have basic/good PHSL, with the odds ratios (OR) of 0.485/0.422, 0.488/0.699, and 0.389/0.566 in contrast to those residing in Beijing municipality. The participants being female (versus male: OR = 1.336/1.283), with the education of higher than primary school education or below (junior high school: OR = 1.786/1.205; senior high or vocational or technical secondary school: OR = 2.204/2.013; college and above: OR = 2.932/3.710), with the annual household income of more than 30 000 RMB yuan (30 000 – 60 000: OR = 1.660/1.648; ≥ 120 000: OR = 1.865/2.145) were more likely to have basic/good PHSL.   Conclusion  For 15 – 69 years old residents in four provincial administrative regions of China, the PHSL still needs to be improved and the residents′ PHSL is influenced mainly by gender, education, annual household income and residential region.
  • loading
  • [1]
    张文娟, 郝艳华, 吴群红, 等. 突发公共事件公众应急能力评价的概念框架探讨[J]. 中国公共卫生管理, 2013, 29(5): 578 – 580.
    [2]
    王娜, 强美英. 公民卫生应急素养普及的SWOT分析[J]. 中国健康教育, 2019, 35(7): 665 – 668.
    [3]
    铁永波, 唐川, 周春花. 城市灾害应急能力评价研究[J]. 灾害学, 2006, 21(1): 8 – 12. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-811X.2006.01.002
    [4]
    王绍玉, 孙研. 基于AHP - Entropy确权法的城市公众应急反应能力评价[J]. 哈尔滨工程大学学报, 2011, 32(8): 992 – 996. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-7043.2011.08.005
    [5]
    徐静珍, 郝春新. 城市居民灾害应急反应能力的研究[J]. 城市与减灾, 2003, 6(5): 18 – 20.
    [6]
    杨宇, 王子龙. 社会公众应急能力建设途径研究[J]. 生产力研究, 2009(16): 95 – 97.
    [7]
    别如娥, 王高玲. 基于突发公共卫生事件的居民健康素养内涵的构建[J]. 中国卫生事业管理, 2012, 29(4): 305 – 307. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4663.2012.04.021
    [8]
    别如娥. 基于突发公共卫生事件的居民健康素养评价指标体系研究[D]. 南京: 南京中医药大学, 2012.
    [9]
    张敏敏, 王高玲. 基于突发公共卫生事件健康素养的综合评价[J]. 中医药导报, 2016, 22(10): 70 – 72,83.
    [10]
    杨宏飞, 赵贞卿. 城乡居民突发事件应对能力研究 —— 以浙江省为例[J]. 灾害学, 2012, 27(3): 126 – 131. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-811X.2012.03.026
    [11]
    薛澜, 周海雷, 陶鹏. 我国公众应急能力影响因素及培育路径研究[J]. 中国应急管理, 2014(5): 9 – 15.
    [12]
    陈志强, 郝艳华, 宁宁, 等. 北京、黑龙江居民应急知识技能水平及影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2017, 33(5): 715 – 717. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2017-33-05-07
    [13]
    刘丽霞, 蔡伟, 应华清, 等. 北京市居民应急知识水平现状及其影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2019, 35(9): 1196 – 1200. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1119430
    [14]
    陈超亿, 郝艳华, 宁宁, 等. 广东省社区居民应急素养水平及其影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2020, 36(4): 596 – 600. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1120913
    [15]
    王炫文, 王东阳. 社区居民卫生应急素养研究[J]. 合作经济与科技, 2020(10): 159 – 162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-190X.2020.10.060
    [16]
    徐敏, 施平娇, 李常竹, 等. 北京公共安全意识调查研究[J]. 城市与减灾, 2010, 13(5): 22 – 25. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-0495.2010.05.006
    [17]
    于益, 郝艳华, 宁宁, 等. 北京和黑龙江居民风险认知现状及影响因素分析[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2017, 33(5): 694 – 698. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2017-33-05-02
    [18]
    陈培彬, 王丹凤, 钟旻桦, 等. 农村突发公共卫生事件应急管理能力评价[J]. 统计与决策, 2021, 37(15): 156 – 160.
    [19]
    曹舒, 米乐平. 农村应对突发公共卫生事件的多重困境与优化治理 —— 基于典型案例的分析[J]. 中国农村观察, 2020, 3(11): 2 – 15.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Tables(4)

    Article views (137) PDF downloads(23) Cited by()
    Proportional views

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return