目的 了解城乡妇女产褥期生活及卫生习惯情况,探讨现代妇女科学的产褥期行为方式。方法采用整群随机抽样方法,抽取山东省青岛市市区(城市组)及莘县农村地区(农村组)2 342名产后1年以内的妇女进行问卷调查。结果 农村组有2.6%的妇女产褥期从不下床活动,高于城市组的1.5%(P<0.05);农村组平均每天下床活动时间为2.59 h,低于城市组的3.35 h(P<0.05);农村组比城市组更注重保暖(P<0.05);农村组不洗澡、不洗头、不洗脚等行为发生率分别为52.0%、49.9%、26.6%,高于城市组的41.3%3、3.0%6、.7%,而不做产后体操、不做简单家务等行为的发生率分别为70.2%、26.4%,低于城市组的76.9%5、2.4%(P<0.05);农村组认为串门、吹风为产褥期行为禁忌的人数比例高于城市组,而认为晒太阳、洗澡、碰凉水、下床为禁忌的人数比例低于城市组(P<0.05)。结论 城乡妇女产褥期不良行为发生率均较高,差异亦有统计学意义,需要引起足够的重视。
Objective To examine living behaviors and hygienic habits during puerperium among urban and rural women and to study scientific puerperal behaviors for women. Methods Cluster sampling method was used to select 2 448 women giving their birth to the children in previous one year in Qingdao city and Shenxian county.Questionnaire survey was used in the investigation. Results There were many unreasonable behaviors among the women during the puerperium. Totally 2.6% of the rural women didn't get out of bed in puerperium,and the rate of rural women was higher than that of urban women(P<0.05).The average time of getting out of bed was 2.59 hours per day for rural women,which was less than that for urban women(3.35 hours,P<0.05).The rural women paid more attention to keep warmth than the urban (P<0.05).The incidence rates of no bathe,no shampoo,and no bathing feet in rural women were higher than those of the urban(52.0% vs 41.3%,49.9% vs 33.0%,and 26.6% vs 6.7%).The incidence rates of no healing physical exercises, not doing housework in the rural women were lower than those in the urban(70.2% vs 76.9% and 26.4% vs 52.4%;P< 0.05).The rates of considering visting neighhbour home and getting vantilation as taboos in puerperium in the rural wonen were higher than those in the urban but the rates of considering taking a basking or a bathe,touching cool water,and geting out of bed as taboos were lower than those in the urban women(P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence rates of unreasonable behaviors during puerperium in rural women differ from that in the urban women,but are high in both rural and urban women.Specific eduction programs are necessary to promote the health of postpartum women.