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新型冠状病毒传播途径及个人防护措施研究进展

屠鸿薇 甘萍 钟若曦 庄雅丽 朱杰民 何昌云 张萌 陈秋霞 宋铁

屠鸿薇, 甘萍, 钟若曦, 庄雅丽, 朱杰民, 何昌云, 张萌, 陈秋霞, 宋铁. 新型冠状病毒传播途径及个人防护措施研究进展[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2022, 38(8): 1011-1017. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1138953
引用本文: 屠鸿薇, 甘萍, 钟若曦, 庄雅丽, 朱杰民, 何昌云, 张萌, 陈秋霞, 宋铁. 新型冠状病毒传播途径及个人防护措施研究进展[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2022, 38(8): 1011-1017. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1138953
TU Hong-wei, GAN Ping, ZHONG Ruo-xi, . Transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 and personal health intervention: a review on research advances[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(8): 1011-1017. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1138953
Citation: TU Hong-wei, GAN Ping, ZHONG Ruo-xi, . Transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 and personal health intervention: a review on research advances[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2022, 38(8): 1011-1017. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1138953

新型冠状病毒传播途径及个人防护措施研究进展

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1138953
详细信息
    作者简介:

    屠鸿薇(1988 – ),女,浙江人,主管医师,博士,研究方向:公共卫生

    通讯作者:

    宋铁,邮箱:tsong@cdcp.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: R 183

Transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 and personal health intervention: a review on research advances

  • 摘要: 新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)大流行对世界造成了重大影响。了解新型冠状病毒(SARS-CoV-2)传播规律有助于公共卫生人员在实际工作中明确防控重点。本文通过对现有文献(截至2022年5月2日)进行总结,基于典型案例、实验室研究等结果分析梳理目前已知的SARS-CoV-2主要传播方式并分类,提出相应的个人防护策略,为新冠病毒传播防控提供参考。
  • 表  1  SARS-CoV-2传播方式以及相应非药物防控措施

    传播方式传播性非药物防控措施有效性
    飞沫传播和直接接触传播 手部卫生 发病率约降低53 %[52]
    佩戴口罩 发病率约降低53 %
    保持社交距离 发病率约降低25 %
    使用护目镜 未知
    气溶胶传播 中高 通风 依赖于通风时间和居住环境
    HEPA空气净化设备 清除65 %的气溶胶[69]
    间接接触传播 物品表面消毒 每天消毒较 ≥ 2 d/次消毒风险下降77 %[25]
    垂直传播 极低(可能经呼吸道)
    动物传染 极低(部分动物)
    血液传播 无相关报道 血液RNA检验
    性传播 极低(可能经呼吸道)
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-11
  • 刊出日期:  2022-08-31

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