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安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄关系

杨新柳 廖铁荣 高锦 朱鹏 陶芳标 邵珊珊

杨新柳, 廖铁荣, 高锦, 朱鹏, 陶芳标, 邵珊珊. 安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄关系[J]. 中国公共卫生. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1139263
引用本文: 杨新柳, 廖铁荣, 高锦, 朱鹏, 陶芳标, 邵珊珊. 安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄关系[J]. 中国公共卫生. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1139263
YANG Xin-liu, LIAO Tie-rong, GAO Jin, . Association of age at menarche with age at first sexual behavior among unmarried women in Anhui province[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1139263
Citation: YANG Xin-liu, LIAO Tie-rong, GAO Jin, . Association of age at menarche with age at first sexual behavior among unmarried women in Anhui province[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.11847/zgggws1139263

安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄关系

doi: 10.11847/zgggws1139263
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1004201);大学生创新创业训练项目(S202110366086)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨新柳(1993 – ),女,安徽阜阳人,硕士在读,研究方向:社会心理应激的生殖健康效应

    通讯作者:

    邵珊珊,E-mail:shaoshsh@126.com

  • 中图分类号: R 173

Association of age at menarche with age at first sexual behavior among unmarried women in Anhui province

  • 摘要:   目的  分析安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄的关联。  方法  于2019年4月 — 2021年6月,在安徽省16个地区妇幼保健机构选取28899名参加婚前检查的未婚女性为调查对象,采用问卷调查获得初潮年龄和首次性行为年龄等相关信息,并采用多因素logistic回归模型分析女性月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄的关联。  结果  安徽省未婚女性月经初潮年龄提前( ≤ 12岁)和推迟( ≥ 15岁)的检出率分别为37.2 %和14.0 %。首次性行为年龄 ≤ 14(过早性行为)、15~17、18~20、 ≥ 21岁所占的比例分别为0.2 %、4.5 %、26.8 %和68.4 %。多因素logistic回归分析显示,在控制了混杂因素后,与月经初潮年龄正常女性相比,初潮年龄提前组发生过早性行为(OR = 2.721,95 % CI = 1.626~4.533)、15~17岁性行为(OR = 1.645,95 % CI = 1.456~1.860)和18~20岁性行为(OR = 1.155,95 % CI = 1.088~1.227)的风险增加;初潮年龄推迟组发生过早性行为(OR = 0.230,95 % CI = 0.054~0.979),15~17岁性行为(OR = 0.573,95 % CI = 0.465~0.707)和18~20岁性行为(OR = 0.812,95 % CI = 0.745~0.885)的风险降低。  结论  安徽省女性初潮年龄与婚前首次性行为年龄之间存在显著正向关联。
  • 表  1  不同人口学特征对象首次性行为年龄分布

    人口学特征首次性行为年龄χ2 P
    ≤ 14岁15~17岁18~20岁 ≥ 21岁
    人数%人数%人数%人数%
    地区
     皖中2537.952840.3325742.1912346.188.21 < 0.001
     皖北2740.941431.6220928.5483824.5
     皖南1421.236828.1227829.4581829.4
    教育年限(年)
     0~93147.056743.3216427.9312815.81686.02 < 0.001
     10~121319.729822.7163221.1245812.4
    ≥ 13年2233.344534.0394851.01419371.8
    人均年收入(万元)
    < 33350.050738.7252932.7510225.8285.84 < 0.001
     3~2436.450738.7305339.4781639.4
     6~710.622317.0159920.6498125.2
    ≥ 1023.0735.65637.318809.5
    职业
     无2537.938830.0180223.0303615.3350.61 < 0.001
     有4162.192270.0594277.01674384.7
    初潮年龄(岁)
    ≤ 124162.162247.5300538.8708035.8125.62 < 0.001
     13~142334.857243.7375548.5975749.3
    ≥ 1523.01168.998412.7294214.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  月经初潮年龄与首次性行为年龄无序多分类logistic回归分析

    首次性行为年龄(岁)参照组初潮年龄β$S_{\bar x}$Wald χ2PORa95 % CI
    ≤ 14 提前 正常 1.001 0.263 14.524 < 0.001 2.721 1.626~4.553
    推迟 – 1.469 0.739 3.955 0.047 0.230 0.054~0.979
    15~17 提前 正常 0.498 0.063 63.431 < 0.001 1.645 1.456~1.860
    推迟 – 0.556 0.107 27.117 < 0.001 0.573 0.465~0.707
    18~20 提前 正常 0.144 0.031 22.109 < 0.001 1.155 1.088~1.227
    推迟 – 0.209 0.044 22.429 < 0.001 0.812 0.745~0.885
      注:a 调节年龄、地区、职业、个人收入、文化程度后的OR值。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-01-10

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