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公共场所葡萄球菌环境污染状况研究进展

姚振江

姚振江. 公共场所葡萄球菌环境污染状况研究进展[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2016, 32(2): 129-132. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-02-01
引用本文: 姚振江. 公共场所葡萄球菌环境污染状况研究进展[J]. 中国公共卫生, 2016, 32(2): 129-132. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-02-01
YAO Zhen-jiang. Research progress in environmental contamination of Staphylococci in public places[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2016, 32(2): 129-132. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-02-01
Citation: YAO Zhen-jiang. Research progress in environmental contamination of Staphylococci in public places[J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2016, 32(2): 129-132. doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-02-01

公共场所葡萄球菌环境污染状况研究进展

doi: 10.11847/zgggws2016-32-02-01
基金项目: 

广东省科技计划项目(2014A020213013)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    姚振江(1964-),男,哈尔滨人,副教授,博士,主要从事多药耐药细菌的分子流行病学研究。

  • 中图分类号: R395.6

Research progress in environmental contamination of Staphylococci in public places

  • 摘要: 葡萄球菌的传播与感染是重要的公共卫生问题。近年来,环境在人群中传播葡萄球菌的作用得以证实。公共场所人口聚集为人群中传播葡萄球菌提供了便利条件。为此,本文总结了国内外公共场所葡萄球菌的污染率、SCCmec分型特点、耐药谱以及菌株的同源性。研究结果表明,公交车、火车、地铁、度假海滩、自动取款机、学校和公园等公共场所已有不同程度葡萄球菌污染现象。其对抗生素的耐药不容忽视,尤其是对青霉素耐药严重。耐甲氧西林金黄色葡萄球菌(MRSA)的来源为社区和医院并存。而PFGE聚类分析显示存在环境与人之间交叉传播MRSA菌株的风险。今后有必要加强对葡萄球菌尤其是MRSA的日常监测和消毒,以预防和控制葡萄球菌的传播。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-03
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-10

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